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Your baby is sick, he vomits. Did not he get a gastroenteritis? This infection caused by rotavirus rages all year, summer and winter. His main danger? The dehydration.
What are the symptoms ?
- Inflammation of the stomach and intestines, gastroenteritis is manifested by more or less associated signs: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (increased stool frequency) and sometimes high fever. As a cause of mortality in developing countries, more benign in our climate, it must never be underestimated. Especially in a toddler.
What is the gastro?
- Most often it is caused by a virus, rotavirus. It can also result from a direct infection of the intestines by bacteria. The germ enters the cells of the intestinal mucosa that become unable to perform their role.
- Your baby's body loses abnormally large amounts of water and mineral salts. If these losses are not quickly compensated, they are likely to lead to dehydration (massive water loss). Be especially careful if your child is chubby. Its good constitution can hide the gravity of the situation.
How is it transmitted?
- Transmission is "fecal-oral": by bringing to the mouth hands that have come into contact with infected feces or soiled surfaces.
How to treat gastro?
- Consult the doctor or your pediatrician. It will probably prescribe an antidiarrheal, which has the advantage of reducing water loss. The treatment will continue until your baby's stool is formed again, but not more than five days later.
- In case of feverdo not hesitate to give paracetamol, according to the dose recommended by your doctor. If the gastrointestinal tract is accompanied by bloody diarrhea with fever, stool analysis and stool culture will be performed to determine the causative bacteria and prescribe the appropriate antibiotic.
- Do not change the breastfeeding program if you are breastfeeding. Just make sure to remove all irritating and acidic foods from your diet, such as melon, strawberries, salad dressing, and give your toddler rehydration products between feeds. These are sold in pharmacies and reimbursed by Social Security.
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