Chicken pox, caution!

Chicken pox, caution!

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Infantile disease, chickenpox is to watch if it is caught during pregnancy. The risk of being contaminated is rare, but the consequences for you and your baby can be serious.

Chickenpox: a rare disease during pregnancy

  • In adulthood, 95% of the population is immunized because they have already contracted chickenpox during childhood. There is a good chance that you will be immune.
  • If you are not, avoid attending children with this disease and nurseries. If you have been in contact with a child with chicken pox, or if you do not remember whether or not you have caught chicken pox, consult your doctor. An antibody test by simple blood test will determine whether you are immune or not.
  • Good to know : pregnant, you can not be vaccinated against chicken pox.

What are the risks for you and your baby?

  • Chickenpox can cause pulmonary complications in the future mother, or even the appearance of pneumonia, which can lead to a lack of oxygen for the future baby. The main danger of this disease is that you transmit the virus VZV (varicella zoster virus), causing chicken pox, to your future baby. It is at the beginning and end of pregnancy that this is the most dangerous.
  • Contracted between the 8th and 24th week of amenorrhea (6th to 22nd week of pregnancy), the so-called congenital chickenpox can lead to malformations, neurological or ophthalmic lesions, cutaneous abnormalities, muscular development problems and intra growth retardation. -uterine.
  • Contracted within 3 weeks before birth or after delivery, neonatal chickenpox can cause lung problems, meningitis, encephalitis or rash in babies. Your newborn will receive an injection of Varicella Zoster Immune Globulin (VZIG), containing the chickenpox antibodies, to reduce the risk of serious injury.
  • Contracted between these two periods, chickenpox has no consequences for the baby.

Pregnant chicken pox: what treatment?

  • If you get chickenpox during your pregnancy, your doctor may prescribe antivirals depending on the stage of your pregnancy.
  • It will require regular monitoring of your lungs and your baby through ultrasound.
  • An amniocentesis may be performed to evaluate the risk of maternal-fetal contagion.

Karine Ancelet